Baudrillard, Jean. Simulacra and Simulation. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. 1994.

Bois, Yve-Alain. ìPainting: The Task of Mourningî. (from syllabus).

Bruno, Giuliana. ìRamble City: Postmodernism and Blade Runnerî. October. issue 41 (Summer, 1987).

Crary, Jonathan. Techniques of the Observer. Cambridge, Massachussetts: MIT Press. 1995

Foster, Hal, ed. Vision and Visuality. Seattle: Bay Press. 1988.

Foucault. Michel. ìWhat is an Author?î (from syllabus)

Friedberg, Anne. Window Shoping: Cinema and the Postmodern. Los Angeles: University of California Press. 1993.

Heidegger, Martin. The Question Concerning Technology, and Other Essays. New York: Garland Publishers. 1977.

Krauss, Rosalind. The Originality of the Avant-Garde and Other Modernist Myths. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. 1985.

Kuhn, Annette. Alien Zone. New York: Verso. 1990

Lawson, Thomas. ìLast Exit: Paintingî. (from syllabus)

Lyotard, Jean-Francois. The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. 1984.

Mulvey, Laura. ìVisual Pleasure and Narrative Cinemaî.

Owens, Craig. Beyond Recognition: Representation, Power, and Culture. Berkeley and London: University of California Press. 1992

Sontag, Susan. On Photography. New York: Anchor Books. 1990.

Studlar, Gaylyn. ìMasochism and the Perverse Pleasures of the Cinemaî.

Tagg, John. The Burden of Representation. Minneapolis: University of Minneapolis Press. 1988.